Belgium to return looted painting to German Jewish family
Belgium will return to the descendants of a German Jewish couple looted during the Second World War a painting housed in the collections of a large museum in the country, announced on Wednesday the office of the Secretary of State for science policy. Blumenstilleben (“Flowers” in French), still life painted in 1913 by Lovis Corinth (1858-1925), appeared in the collections of the Royal Museums of Fine Arts, in Brussels, among the thirty works originally doubtful, probably stolen during the war.
The painting, an oil on canvas of modest size (81 cm x 66 cm), was listed on the museum’s website as follows: “Unknown collection, stolen by the Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg (an official branch of the Third Reich, Editor’s note), recovered by Leo Van Puyvelde after the liberation of Brussels, transferred to the Office for Economic Recovery and sold in 1951 to the Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium ”. After decades of analysis and research, it was established that the painting had been stolen from a warehouse in Brussels, where a family of German Jews fleeing Nazism had transited on their way to England.
The canvas was stolen at the start of the war
In their flight, Gustav and Emma Mayer had indeed had to part with part of their property, and a box which contained among other things the canvas had been stolen at the start of the war in this place serving as a storage room. In a letter sent on May 26 to the German lawyers for the couple’s grandchildren, Secretary of State Thomas Dermine officially gave the Belgian State’s consent to this surrender.
Once the restitution has materialized (the terms have not yet been fixed), the descendants will be asked to reimburse the German authorities around 4,100 euros, the estimated value of the painting. At the end of the 1960s, the Mayer family had already been compensated in Germany for all of the property looted from Gustav and Emma, and it was a question of “avoiding double compensation” (compensation and restitution), he said. – underlined in the cabinet of Mr. Dermine.
“A cowardly spoliation”
Belgium, it is recalled, has complied with the principles adopted at the Washington Conference (1998 ) on cultural property looted and missing during the Nazi occupation. A commission under the authority of the Belgian Prime Minister worked between 1998 and 2001 on Jewish property looted in Belgium, which resulted in the passage of a law opening the right to compensation.
In 2008 , another commission in charge of compensation had identified “5,210 files of spoliations”. Most of the property has been returned, according to Mr Dermine’s services, which said the Mayer family had not made any claim for compensation in Belgium. Thomas Dermine hailed “a small gesture” from the Belgian state, which “repairs cowardly spoliation”.