How in different countries of the world they are solving the problem of vaccination of citizens
Amid the global surge in new infections caused by the delta variant, governments, corporations, organizations and universities around the world have begun to push for vaccination, taking steps that cover the whole range of measures: from testing for workers who refuse vaccinations to the complete isolation of their participation in public life, as recently ordered by the President of the Philippines Rodrigo Duterte.
Denmark was the first to introduce universal vaccination, which met with no objection from citizens. In Italy and France, however, these measures have prompted thousands of people to take to the streets. Protesters expressed their opposition to the government’s plans, which demanded vaccination cards in restaurants, when visiting museums and at sporting events. Protests continued in the two countries over the weekend, with thousands of people rallying in Paris and other cities in France on Saturday, while Italians marched in Rome, Milan and Naples for the second straight week. Germany and the UK have so far opposed this approach, while vaccination is so popular in Spain that various incentives and strict measures for the unvaccinated are not considered necessary due to lack of objection.
Discussions over mandatory vaccinations have escalated in the US, where President Joe Biden on Thursday joined major corporations including Google, Facebook and MGM Casinos, as well as mayors of California and New York, to push for vaccinations or testing of government officials. Biden announced a new set of measures requiring employees of federal ministries and agencies to provide vaccination documents or undergo regular tests, at least once a month, requirements for masks and travel restrictions. The move was backed by Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison, who announced that “special preferential rules” would apply to vaccinated Australians as they pose a lower health risk.
Experts estimate that global efforts to promote vaccination in several countries are driven by a combination of factors, not least the surge in delta infections and the sad experience of a number of countries, including the United States, whose vaccination campaigns have failed. without reaching the designated goals. This, in turn, has created a new socio-political trend, fueled by tensions between vaccinated people who seek to return to normal life and those who refuse vaccinations, the Guardian notes.
In France, nearly five million people received the first dose and over six million received the second dose in two weeks after President Emmanuel Macron announced that restrictive rules for the unvaccinated will apply to restaurants and many other public places. Prior to this, the need for vaccinations had been declining in the Fifth Republic for several weeks. Vaccine demand in Italy has also increased by as much as 200 percent in some regions after the government announced the imminent introduction of its own Green Pass. In France, where vaccination plans are judged to be the toughest and most advanced by observers, from August this “health passport” will be required for most public places, as well as for long-distance travel and travel, and for all medical personnel. Although the measure is supported by about 60 percent of the population, critics of Macron’s actions condemned the policy as “aIn addition, these plans involve the risk of political action during the vacation season, as has already happened during protests in French cities, which is unusual for the summer lull in political activity in the country.
Until now analysts say most developed nations have opted for a carrot-and-stick policy, making it easier for vaccinated people to access work, play, and travel. Another idea is to provide incentives for vaccinations, such as a $ 100 reward, which Biden has called for state governments to support. and offer it to first-time Americans, a similar approach supported by the Czech government, which on Friday offered two additional days off for vaccinated employees.
According to Julian Savulescu, a professor at Oxford University, there are conditions that, in his opinion, must be met by the authorities for mandatory vaccinations. This should be done if there is a serious threat to public health, the vaccine is safe and effective, mandatory vaccination has a higher cost-benefit profile compared to other alternatives, and the level of coercion of citizens to vaccinate does not infringe on their civil rights and freedoms, he said. 26>